Chapter 4

Income Taxes !!!!! 

Income taxes are Capitation (direct) taxes. The Constitution of
the United States says in Article
                              1, Section 2, Clause 3 "...direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states". It also
                              says in Article 1, Section 9, Clause 4 "No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in
                              proportion to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken." Now look what
                              our State legislatures did - they ratified Amendment XVI in 1913 which says "The Congress
                              shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without
                              apportionment among the several states, and without regard to any census of enumeration." 

                              Did you see what was missing? Look again! Amendment XVI never repealed Article 1, Section 2,
                              Clause 3, and never repealed Article 1, Section 9, Clause 4! We obviously have a choice if we
                              want to pay income taxes or not according to The Constitution of the United States! "If
                              Congress wanted you to pay income taxes, the Congress would have most certainly repealed
                              Article 1, Section 9, Clause 4. The IRS (a federal government agency) is collecting for the
                              Federal Reserve Bank (a private corporation) instead of the IRS collecting for Congress". Bob
                              Barber, Philoeconopolist 

                              The framers of the Constitution were concerned that the newly formed federal government may
                              abuse its taxing power, that Article V put that notion to rest when they wrote: "...no Amendment
                              which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any
                              Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article;" 

                              It is my belief that the Congress promoted a non-direct form of taxation in Article V until 1862
                              when President Lincoln imposed a temporary income tax that was later declared
                              unconstitutional in 1895. 

                              Another reason I oppose Income taxes is that the Corporate income tax of 1909 was a tax on "net
                              profit". Individuals were taxed beginning in 1913 on the so called "income" tax also. But, how do
                              individuals make a net profit? The not-for-profit organization may offer great services, but it
                              doesn't pay any Federal Income Taxes because it is not in business to make a "profit". Now you
                              can see how the U.S. Individual Income Tax doesn't even exist - individuals don't make a "profit"
                              because individuals are not "corporations" unless individuals "incorporate"! 

                              Here's what Adam Smith said in his book "Wealth of Nations" over 222 years ago about
                              Capitation taxes: "Capitation taxes are levied at little expense, and, where they are rigorously
                              exacted, afford a very sure revenue to the state. It is upon this account that in countries where
                              the ease, comfort, and security of the inferior ranks of people are little attended to, capitation
                              taxes are very common. It is in general, however, but a small part of the public revenue which,
                              in a great empire, has ever been drawn from such taxes, and the greatest sum which they have
                              ever afforded might always have been found in some other way much more convenient to the
                              people. 

                              The impossibility of taxing the people, in proportion to their revenue, by any capitation, seems
                              to have given occasion to the invention of taxes upon consumable commodities. The state, not
                              knowing how to tax, directly and proportionably, the revenue of its subjects, endeavours to
                              tax it indirectly by taxing their expense, which, it is supposed, will in most cases be nearly in
                              proportion to their revenue. Their expense is taxed by taxing the consumable commodities
                              upon which it is laid out." 

                              On April 15, 1997, Congressmen Dan Schaefer and Billy Tauzin stated "Americans spend more
                              than 5.1 billion hours merely filling out income tax forms. None of this time is for productive
                              enterprises that actually add to the social, economic, or moral well-being of our society. By
                              some estimates, the cost of compliance exceeds $300 billion a year - that's in addition to the
                              $600 billion a year Americans also pay in taxes. In effect, Americans are taxed twice by the
                              IRS. They pay a federal tax on their income, and they pay what amounts to a hidden sales tax
                              -- believed to be as high as 10 - 15 percent -- on all retail goods and services they purchase". 

                              On September 23, 1997, in a Senate Finance Hearing, Congress accused the IRS of abusing
                              taxpayers. On October 5th, Alan Greenspan, Chairman of the Federal Reserve announced he
                              wanted to overhaul the federal banking laws. On October 10th, President Clinton offered IRS
                              legislation and on October 20th Bill Archer, Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee
                              said he wanted to shift the burden of proof from the individual taxpayer to the IRS in tax court
                              cases. 

                              We are told by the federal government that income taxes are needed to provide services to
                              United States Citizens, like building roads and bridges, and sending checks to those who are on
                              social security, and giving money, food stamps and medical care to those who are on welfare. If
                              that is true, and we are lead to believe that income taxes pay for those services exclusively, then
                              why does the federal government borrow $2 trillion a year to run the federal government? And
                              why does the federal government demand that your employer withhold those income taxes and
                              social security taxes from your paycheck? Income taxes are not needed by the federal
                              government at all. But, the federal government's IRS collected $900 billion in income taxes in
                              1996 that will never pay off the national debt in full because the federal government cannot
                              afford to pay all of the principal and interest on the $5.5 trillion national debt all at once. In fact,
                              the IRS in Fiscal Year 1996, collected approximately $1.5 trillion, processed more than 200 million
                              tax returns, handled approximately 2 billion documents and assisted more than 118 million
                              taxpayers. 

                              Do you want more money? Help me to Abolish Income Taxes! That's right! Help me to Abolish
                              Income Taxes and you will have more money ! If you want more money, please read on ! 

                              I started a political party to Abolish Income Taxes. By joining "The Philoeconopolist Party" and
                              electing 290 new members to the U.S. House of Representatives and electing 67 new members to
                              the U.S. Senate for the purpose of passing new tax legislation with a required 2/3rds vote in both
                              the House and the Senate to Abolish Income Taxes, we will be doing ourselves and our Country
                              a big favor. We can do it !!! 

                              Because of the income tax, the rich get richer, and the poor get poorer. Americans are collateral
                              for the $5.5 trillion debt the federal government owes. How can Americans be held collateral?
                              The federal government does not depend on income taxes for support !!!!! The federal
                              government's Bureau of the Public Debt (BPD) borrows $2 trillion a year to operate the Federal
                              Government and to account for the resulting debt by selling Treasury bills, notes, and bonds to
                              foreign investors, corporations, banks, State and local governments, and private individuals.
                              The BPD pays interest to investors, and, when the time comes to pay back the loans, the BPD
                              redeems investors' securities. Every time the BPD borrows or pays back money, it affects the
                              outstanding debt of the United States. 

                              For 84 years our Congress has taxed us directly and the Public Debt has increased as a result.
                              Our Debt! The federal government has spent our tax dollars without any accountability and will
                              continue to do so until Congress votes to Abolish Income Taxes. Federal government direct
                              taxation of the citizens of the several States MUST be abolished! 

                              Who is the government indebted to? 

                              1995 Debt held by the Public      $3.7 Trillion

                              $1,683,500,000,000 Corp., finan. inst., and other  45.5%
                                $858,400,000,000 Foreign Investors               23.2%
                                $429,200,000,000 State and local governments     11.6%
                                $377,400,000,000 Federal Reserve Banks           10.2%
                                $351,500,000,000 Private Individuals              9.5%

                              Debt held by the government  $1.4 Trillion
                                     (I wonder what this is used for?)

                                     GROSS DEBT            $5.2 TRILLION !!!!!


                              To service foreign-owned debt, the U.S. government must send interest payments abroad, which
                              adds to the income of citizens of other countries rather than U.S. citizens. 

                              The reality of the whole matter of the national debt is - there is no national debt at all. In fact, the
                              federal government's budget states that the combined wealth of the federal government and
                              Citizens is $55 trillion. Since we as U.S. Citizens are the government, OUR national debt is only
                              $5.5 trillion. With national assets of $55 trillion, and a national debt of only $5.5 trillion, we as
                              Citizens of the United States have a net worth of $49.5 trillion! And yet, the federal government
                              sent 6,798 American taxpayers to prison during the last 3 years because those Americans tried
                              to defeat the income tax individually. Those Americans failed because they took the wrong
                              approach to solving their income tax problems. What we must do to defeat or get rid of income
                              taxes is to go to the source of the problem - the U.S. Congress. We must vote into Congress 290
                              U.S. Representatives and 67 U.S. Senators who will vote to Abolish Income Taxes. 

                              The Public Debt and the Deficit are NOT the real economic factors that Congress leads you to
                              believe are the two economic factors that affect our economy the most. The Public Debt and the
                              Deficit are two important factors, but not the most important. 

                              Why does Congress allow deductions and exemptions on tax returns when all tax money is
                              needed by the federal government? It doesn't make any sense, unless Congress is hiding
                              something from American taxpayers. As long as the federal government can confuse you, the
                              income tax will remain in place. The federal government wants to keep track of you via
                              withholding and the tax return. 

                              Why does Congress allow wealthy people to hide their money in Foundations and give them a
                              tax break to boot? I think that the wealthy people are the ones that buy Treasury securities and
                              this is the way the federal government thanks these investors. 

                              If you are an employee, you earn wages. The IRS has told your employer to withhold income
                              taxes from your paycheck. Your employer sends your hard-earned money directly to one of the
                              12 Federal Reserve Banks (FRB), (which are PRIVATE corporations and sometimes called the
                              FED), 4 times a year. The IRS also deposits YOUR money into the FRB. The FRB is NOT a
                              federal agency. In 1996, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York processed an average of nearly
                              $1.6 trillion a day in funds and securities transfers. Aggregated to include all twelve Federal
                              Reserve banks for the entire year, the Fed transferred approximately $418 trillion worth of funds
                              and securities of which the Federal Reserve Bank of New York's portion was $279 trillion. 

                              The income of the FRB is derived primarily from the interest on U.S. government securities, fees
                              for check clearing, fees for funds transfers, and fees for automated clearinghouse operations.
                              After it pays its expenses, the FRB takes its 5% cut of the $418 trillion in funds and securities
                              transfers, and deposits the remaining 95% into the U.S. Treasury. Why does the IRS deposit
                              YOUR money directly into the FRB? Isn't the IRS one of the eleven components of the
                              Department of the Treasury, just as the BPD is? YES. Our income taxes pay the INTEREST
                              COSTS !!!!! 

                              The increasing interest costs of $355.7 billion overshadows the declining deficit of $22 billion by
                              a margin of almost 11 to 1. Even if there was no deficit, the dollar amount of the gross debt of
                              $5.5 trillion must be reduced to create a surplus to reduce the national debt, but that may not be
                              possible because the interest costs are increasing. Interest costs will eventually be equal to the
                              national receipts of $1.5 trillion in a few years. Interest costs MUST be curtailed by controlling
                              federal spending, borrowing less and financing business startups with non-foreign money. 

                              15 cents out of every federal budget dollar spent is used to pay interest on the debt rather than
                              to finance other public priorities. 

                              The following report is the Financial Management Service's (FMS) "1997 Financial Report to the
                              Citizens". Receipts, Spending and Annual Budget Deficit 


                              TOTAL SPENDING, 1997: $1.601 TRILLION

                              Major Spending by Category

                                                                 Billion     %

                              Social Security                     $365.3   22.8
                              Other expenses                       300.6   18.8
                              National defense                     270.5   16.9
                              Interest*                            244.0   15.2
                              Medicare                             190.0   11.9
                              Unemployment, disability, and            
                              other income security payments       135.3    8.4
                              Medicaid                              95.6    6.0

                              * Net "Interest" is the gross interest paid on the
                                Public Debt less (1) interest received on
                                investments of government accounts in federal
                                securities, and (2) interest received on loans
                                made by the government.

                              TOTAL RECEIPTS, 1997: 1.579 TRILLION

                              Receipts by Source        Billion      %

                              Individual income taxes    $737.5    46.7
                              Social insurance taxes
                                & contributions           539.4    34.1
                              Corporate income taxes      182.3    11.5
                              Other receipts               62.9     3.9
                              Excise taxes                 56.9     3.6

                              ACTUAL RESULTS COMPARED TO BUDGET
                                                       2/97      1997
                              In billions of dollars  Budget    Actual

                              Total receipts          $1,505    $1,579
                              Total spending           1,631     1,601
                                                       -----     -----
                              Total deficit             $126       $22
                                                        ====      ====

                              The Public Debt and Deficit are Congressional Budget smokescreens promulgated by Congress
                              and the Media to hide the REAL economic culprit -- INTEREST COSTS. 

                              What I want to know is where is $111.7 billion in interest payments going? 


                              1997 Interest per BPD   $355.7 billion
                              1997 Interest per FMS   $244.0 billion
                                                      =============
                                                      $111.7 billion
                                                      Who is this going to?


                              The only way to stop the spiraling interest costs is to Abolish Income Taxes which will result in
                              an increase in a worker's take-home pay which will benefit the economy by increasing revenue. 

                              Who is the IRS collecting for? American taxpayers are not dumb. The IRS should be called the
                              "Foreign Revenue Service". Who is the Federal Reserve Bank really owned by? Take a guess.
                              Now you can see why Corporations control our Congress! Here's another question I have: The
                              BPD borrows $2 trillion, and the IRS collects $1.5 trillion. Where does the remaining $500 billion
                              go?


                              BPD  $2,000,000,000,000
                              IRS  $1,500,000,000,000
                              =======================
                                   $  500,000,000,000

                                   Where is this going to?
                                   My guess is that this money pays
                                   the redemption of securities.


                              Actually, if you really think about it, the federal government is taking in: 


                              BPD  $2,000,000,000,000  Treasury Securities sales
                              IRS  $1,500,000,000,000  IRS tax collections
                              =======================
                                   $3,500,000,000,000  TOTAL federal government income


                              If people read Adam Smith's book - "Wealth of Nations", income taxes will disappear in America
                              !!!!! Mr. Smith wrote - "The sole use of money is to circulate consumable goods". That is one
                              secret Mr. Smith reveals in his classic book published in 1776. Unfortunately, most of the 36.5
                              million Americans who live in poverty today do not know that. 

                              When our Congress votes to Abolish Income Taxes, 10% to 15% of all individual's money
                              problems will disappear overnight; 760,000 homeless men, women and children will be off the
                              streets; and 36.5 million people will no longer be living in poverty. People will simply have more
                              money to spend!!! BUT, those in poverty must be willing to start learning about money and
                              taxation and start saving and investing a small portion of their income. 

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